Saving Lives with Today’s Technology
While Pioneering the Road Ahead
Addressing the Challenges and Opportunities Facing Commercial Fleet Operators
World Class Research and Development for the Mobility Ecosystem of Tomorrow.
Dedicated to Safety and Mobility. Pursuing the Research, Development, Certification, and Commercialization of the New Global Mobility Ecosystem.
Realizing the mobility ecosystem of tomorrow.
Applying insights to application.
Defining business-friendly standards for a safer future.
Bringing new mobility products to market.
Research and Development
Realizing the Mobility Ecosystem of Tomorrow.
With some of the industry’s most notable science, technology, and transportation experts conducting advanced research in the most important forward-looking issues in mobility, answering:
“What will the world be like, and what does it mean for my organization?”
CARTS Mobility Labs
The CARTS Mobility Labs are state of the art research facilities open to member organizations, showcasing developing technologies, business modeling through each stage of their evolutionary process, and startup companies accelerating the adoption of crash avoidance technologies and defining the advancing safety and mobility ecosystem.
Making Technology Work at Prices that Motivate Adoption
Conducting research that advances the state of the art in sensors, actuators, algorithms and data analysis focused on safety and autonomous mobility utilizing the existing surface transportation infrastructure. Current associated activity:
Identifying the Effects of Automation on Fundamental Business Models
Liability Lab: Focused on statistical methods for estimating risk and liability exposure of surface transportation.
Intelligent Control Lab: Focused on the path planning and real-time control of automated surface transportation in mixed use with Humans.
After-market Assessment: Focused on the needs, challenges and economics of the after-market and its role in turning this evolution into a revolution.
OEM Lab: Role of the OEM and implications on the OEM and its suppliers
Studying the Implications of Ride-Sharing & Technology on Sustainability
Conduct research and test ideas that help define the future impact of autonomous ground transportation on a wide range of human and environmental factors including urban planning, land use, and location choice.
Implications on parking: An independent group studying the effect of ride-sharing on the “parking economy”.
Mobility Providers in the Shared-ride Economy
Research focused on the needs and opportunities of shared-ride mobility providers today and as they evolve and potentially disrupt the current shared-ride providers… namely the current transit industry.
Bringing new mobility products to market, (and not just putting them on the shelf).
Development of appropriate analytical tools that accurately forecast the expected ROI, IRR, and other business critical metrics of AV/CV technologies for Member organizations.
The Transportation and Automation Fund will provide equity capital to young companies and innovative technologies that are transforming mobility, along with seasoned investors and advisors in all aspects of transportation and automation.
Incubation and Acceleration
Incubation activities will occur at all three facilities, providing young companies and new technologies the opportunity to benefit from world class AVCV research, testing facilities, and access to transportation, automation, and economic development experts from the private sector, public service, and academia.
Go to Market Services
Specializing in Marketing, Channel Development, Sales, and Business Development. NJCARTS mentors and advisors bring a wealth of tactical experience bringing transportation technologies and companies to market.
Smart Driving Cars
Musings on the latest news in mobility and autonomy
by Professor Alain Kornhauser
Alain L. Kornhauser, PhD
Professor, Operations Research & Financial Engineering Director, Transportation Program Faculty Chair, Princeton Autonomous Vehicle Engineering
Press release, Feb. 15,”With continued lower gasoline prices and an improving economy resulting in an estimated 3% increase in motor-vehicle mileage, the number of motor-vehicle deaths in 2016 totaled 40,200, up 6% from 2015 (10% in NJ) and the first time the annual fatality total has exceeded 40,000 since 2007. The 2016 estimate is provisional and may be revised when more data are available. The total for 2016 was up 14% from the 2014 figure….
The estimated cost of motor-vehicle deaths, injuries, and property damage in 2016 was $432.5
billion, an increase of 12% from 2015. The costs include wage and productivity losses, medical
expenses, administrative expenses, employer costs, and property damage….”Read more Hmmm… Just the facts, mam! Alain
Press release, Feb. 15, “NSC offers insight into what drivers are doing and calls for immediate implementation of proven, life-saving measures…
With the upward trend showing no sign of subsiding, NSC is calling for immediate implementation of life-saving measures that would set the nation on a road to zero deaths:…”Read more Hmmm…”Automated Collision Avoidance” or anything having to do with ‘Safe-driving Cars‘ is not mentioned anywhere in the Press Release. One of us is missing something very fundamental here!! So depressing!! Alain
N. Boudette, Feb. 15, “Over the last decade, new cars have gotten electronic stability control systems to prevent skids, rearview cameras to prevent fender benders and more airbags to protect occupants in collisions. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent on campaigns to remind the public of the dangers of drunken driving, failing to buckle up and texting while on the go.
Despite all that, more Americans are dying on roads and highways than in years, and the sudden and sharp increase has alarmed safety advocates….
“The way to bring down the rise in deaths is with a wide range of the nuts-and-bolts measures, not self-driving cars,” the consumer advocate Ralph Nader’55 said in an interview in October…”
” Read more Hmmm…Technically, Ralph is correct; however, what would be effective are ‘Safe-driving Cars‘. I am dumbfounded by the malaise of US DoT, NHTSA and the Insurance industry (including insurance regulators) in failing to recognize the virtues that ALWAYS ON Automated Collision Avoidance, Lane Keeping and Speed Limiters would have in actively addressing the inattention and aggressive driving that is fueling this growing carnage on America’s roads. Technology essentially exists today that works effectively and has a very attractive ROI; yet this article and the NSC fail to even mention it. I’m totally flabbergasted. Alain
J. Cichowski, Feb 16, “If you’ve wondered why road crashes are killing more people now than they were 50 years ago, the National Safety Council trotted out many of the same old reasons this week – speeding, texting, booze, pot, and gas prices low enough to encourage us to drive – and crash – more than ever before.
But in a poll involving 2,001 motorists that accompanied the NSC’s latest figures, the safety group discovered another reason, one that rarely gets much attention: Drivers are disabling built-in safety features designed to help them either detect or respond to risks….” Read more Hmmm…Of course they are turned off. They don’t work well enough. They must/should be made so well that folks don’t want to turn them off. This one is on the car manufacturers and NHTSA. Manufacturers haven’t been serious enough about these things nor made them well enough so that buyers would NOT turn them off and NHTSA has not been vigilant enough to insist that automakers make them well enough. NHTSA should have “recalls” to entice the auto industry to make these well. Also, many of these systems are/have been “warnings” and were set such that they had/have way too many ‘false alarms”. Consequently, they are simply annoying and they should be turned off. Again, my point has been that we have simply glossed over ‘Safe-driving cars‘. No one admits that they don’t drive safely, safety isn’t ‘sexy’, and it doesn’t ‘sell’ (consumers won’t/don’t buy). We’re all in denial. In reality, we don’t drive safely, it does end up costing us a lot (and for some, the ultimate) and insurance isn’t doing enough/anything to encourage auto maker to make, and for us to to buy and not turn-off, Safe-driving technology even though this is Insurance’s highest fiduciary responsibility its stock holders. I simply don’t get it! Alain
T. Johnson, Feb 15, “A new report from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that 88 percent of young millennials engaged in at least one risky behavior behind the wheel in the past 30 days, earning the top spot of worst behaved U.S. drivers. These dangerous behaviors ― which increase crash risk ― included texting while driving, red-light running and speeding. ..” Read more Hmmm… see also Link, And insurers aren’t insisting that these kids only drive ‘Safe-driving Cars’ (cars equipped with Automated Collision Avoidance ,… systems). i don’t get it. They need technological oversight. Alain
Press Release, Feb 13, WASHINGTON – Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), the chairman of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and Sen. Gary Peters (D-Mich.) today announced a joint effort to explore legislation that clears hurdles and advances innovation in self-driving vehicle technology. Thune and Peters offered the following joint statement on this new partnership:
“More than any other automotive technology in history, self-driving vehicles have the potential to dramatically reduce the more than 35,000 lives lost on our roads and highways every year and fundamentally transform the way we get around. Ensuring American innovators can safely develop and implement this technology will not only save lives but also solidify our nation’s position as the world leader in the future of mobility….Read more
Hmmm… ‘Self-driving’ is interesting; however, Automated Vehicles have a broad spectrum which in my mind ranges from
( Automated Collision Avoidance and Lane Keeping that is on ALL the time ready to spring into action (much like today’s anti-lock brakes and electronic stability control) keeping the driver from getting into a collision-prone situation. This technology is essentially available now and with encouragement from Congress can most quickly deliver substantial safety benefits. ‘Safe-driving’s biggest challenge is that ‘safety does not sell’. Consumers need to be convinced. Congress could help by strongly promoting (without mandating) this safety technology. A simple beginning is by having NHTSA up its safety standards/ratings to explicitly include Automated Collision Avoidance (ACA) systems that actually work be a part of those ratings. NHTSA/congress could also encourage the development of after-market ACA systems so as to accelerate the penetration/adoption of these systems into many of the cars, trucks and buses that are on the road today. ),
(which extends the Safe-driving’s safety benefits and delivers the comfort and convenience of taking hands off the wheel and feet off the pedals some of the time. Since Self-driving extends Safe-driving, it doesn’t itself contribute additional safety except that it delivers comfort and convenience benefits that sell. Indirectly it will be getting consumers ‘to buy safety’. That is why the auto industry is focused on self-driving. It believes consumers will be willing to pay for technology and thereby pay for the base ACA systems. In this arena, Congress/NHTSA need only be welcoming.)
(this extends self-driving to places/conditions/times when it can do it all the time, never needing any human driving assistance. Driverless will revolutionize mobility in those places/conditions/times by providing inexpensive, sustainable and resilient mobility to ‘everyone’, including freight/goods, in those places/conditions/time. We are close to having driverless in very limited places/conditions/times. Congress could really help by supporting the still needed research and development to as rapidly as possible extend driverless to more places/conditions/times.)
A. Davis, Feb. 15, “Congress just stepped into the robocar game. In the past two days, a pair of senators started drafting legislation to advance autonomous vehicles, and the House Subcommittee on Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection held a two-hour hearing exploring how on the tech might be deployed. For your elected officials, it’s a considerable, if tentative, step into the future of transportation…It could start by revising the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards to reflect autonomous technology. For example, the rules require things like foot-activated brakes. The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration can amend the regulations, but it requires several rounds of draft rules and public comments. That takes years. Congress can make the same change quickly with a law, or even a clause tucked into, say, an infrastructure omnibus.
It could also tweak Title 49 of the US legal code, which allows the secretary of transportation to exempt vehicles from federal standards—to a point. The law (specifically section 30113(d) and 30113(e)) limits those vehicles to 2,500 per manufacturer in a 12-month period, and the exemption can’t last more than three years. Federal regulators may be happy to let Google produce a car without a steering wheel or brakes, but without congressional help, that goodwill can only go so far. Read more Hmmm…Very interesting!! Alain
T. Litman, Jan. 2, “This report explores the impacts that autonomous vehicles are likely to have on travel demands and transportation planning. It discusses autonomous vehicle benefits and costs, predicts their likely development and implementation based on experience with previous vehicle technologies, and explores how they will affect planning decisions such as optimal road, parking and public transit supply. The analysis indicates that some benefits, such as independent mobility for affluent non-drivers, may begin in the 2020s or 2030s, but most impacts, including reduced traffic and parking congestion, independent mobility for low-income people (and therefore reduced need to subsidize transit), increased safety, energy conservation and pollution reductions, will only be significant when autonomous vehicles become common and affordable, probably in the 2040s to 2060s, and some benefits may require prohibiting human-driven vehicles on certain roadways, which could take longer.” Read more Hmmm… Very nice study; however, Table 6 p11 “Navigation Systems”… 1985 was the absolute beginning, which would be equivalent to 2005 for driverless cars. Navigation started to move in 1997 (When ALK Inc. 1st put CoPilot on the market) and the adoption was fueled by CoPilot and other after-market products which led to today’s total market penetration over a 30 year span.
The only way to achieve substantial market penetration of either Safe-driving Cars or Self-driving Cars in 30 years (by 2035) is either through Federal Mandates (as was achieved with Airbags) or after-market (as with Navigation).
Driverless Cars could take less time because they will be a fleet -play rather than a consumer-play (but they have yet to start). There is a lot more in this report worth serious contemplation. Alain
M. Liedtke, Feb. 13, “Ford Motor is spending $1 billion to take over a budding robotics startup to acquire more expertise needed to reach its ambitious goal of having a fully driverless vehicle on the road by 2021. The big bet announced Friday comes just a few months after the Pittsburgh startup, Argo AI, was created by two alumni of Carnegie Mellon University’s robotics program, Bryan Salesky and Peter Rander.
The alliance between Argo and Ford is the latest to combine the spunk and dexterity of a technologically savvy startup with the financial muscle and manufacturing knowhow of a major automaker in the race to develop autonomous vehicles. Last year rival General Motors paid $581 million to buy Cruise Automation, a 40-person software company that is testing vehicles in San Francisco…” Read more Hmmm…Very interesting!! Alain
A. Barr, Feb 13, “For the past year, Google’s car project has been a talent sieve, thanks to leadership changes, strategy doubts, new startup dreams and rivals luring self-driving technology experts. Another force pushing people out? Money. A lot of it.
Early staffers had an unusual compensation system that awarded supersized payouts based on the project’s value. By late 2015, the numbers were so big that several veteran members didn’t need the job security anymore, making them more open to other opportunities, according to people familiar with the situation. Two people called it “F-you money.”… Read more Hmmm…They earned it! Congratulations! Alain
Feb 10, “In the same week that Paris launched a driverless shuttle service on a bridge across the Seine, New Zealand has unveiled its own autonomous shuttle trials at Christchurch Airport. In the first on-road research trials in New Zealand, the fully autonomous, electric-powered Smart Shuttle, which can carry up to 15 people, will run on private roads on the airport campus.
The driverless vehicle trial is being conducted in partnership with HMI Technologies, a New Zealand-based Intelligent Transport System provider….” Read more Hmmm… Congratulations to Paris & Christchurch! Alain
D. Etherington, Jan 11, “Las Vegas, transportation beat reporters can’t quit you; CES was like a car extravaganza, and now you’re launching a self-driving, fully electric shuttle on public streets. The shuttles are the result of a partnership between shuttle-maker Navya, fleet logistics provider Keolis and the city of Las Vegas, and began picking up members of the public today, riding a regular route along iconic Fremont Street between Las Vegas Boulevard and Eighth Street — right in the thick of regular traffic.
The route will run between January 11 and 20, and will use Navya’s ARMA shuttle, which previously underwent testing in the U.S. at the University of Michigan’s MCity autonomous testing facility, and which has been deployed in France since 2015…. Read more Hmmm… Old news I had missed.
Mobility By The Numbers
Where We've Been
Or 15% of the global economy attributable to transportation.
The portion of pollution and greenhouse gases attributable to transportation.
The effective average vehicle occupancy (AVO~1) of road vehicles in the United States.
Deaths attributable to the road transportation system globally each year.
Where We're Going
Automation will actually grow the significance of the transportation infrastructure in the global economy.
Percentage of rear-end collisions by freight trucks on the highway that can be prevented by installing existing after-market collision avoidance technologies.
The average vehicle occupancy threshold achievable (AVO~2) through automated ride-sharing, and at which we see earth-changing reductions in pollution and greenhouse gases.
Effectively, there will be no deaths associated with road transportation at full automation.